ENGLISHNigerian History


Nigerian flag. Source : wikimedia.org

The Nigerian 1993 Presidential Election was an election held in Nigeria after almost ten years of military rule. The election was one of the fairest election held in the history of Nigeria. However, the election was not allowed to be completed as it was annulled by the Military Government of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida on 12 June 1993.

Due to the annulment of the election, the 12 June became a memorable date in Nigeria especially in the South Western part of Nigeria where the winner of the election came from. Later, the Nigerian government under Muhammadu Buhari declared the date as the Democracy Day.


In the late 1986, the Nigerian Military Government under General Ibrahim Babangida began a transitional process to democracy in the entire Nigeria. In 1989, a new constitution came into being. Also, in the same year, two political parties were registered as a platform for politicians under which they could contest in different positions. These political parties were as follows :

  1. Social Democratic Party (SDP)
  2. National Republican Convention (NRC)

By 1993, all of these two parties held their national conventions in which presidential candidates were chosen. The candidates for these parties were as follows :

  1. Chief Moshood Abiola for the Social Democratic Party (SDP)
  2. Alhaji Bashir Othman Tofa for the National Republican Convention (NRC)

The Election

After the parties nominated their candidates, the date for the presidential election was set as 12 June 1993.

The Nigerian 1993 Presidential Election was conducted on 12 June by the Nigerian Electoral Commission (NEC). During the election, many observers both home and foreign have expressed their satisfaction on how the Election was conducted. Even though, there were some irregularities here and there.

By 14 June, the NEC began announcing the result gathered from the 30 Nigerian states. Unfortunately, in the midst of announcing the result, the Military Government under General Ibrahim Babangida stopped the announcement of the 12 June election. Later, on 24 June, the Nigerian Military Government announced the annulment of the election citing the problem of irregularities during the election.


Though, the real result of the election was unofficial, 14,293,396 votes casted were counted and the candidates received the following votes :

  1. Chief Moshood Abiola of the SDP scored 8,341,309, which is 56.38 % of the entire votes.
  2. Alhaji Bashir Othman Tofa scored 5,952,087, which is 41.64 % of the entire votes.

Protests and Later Years

After the annulment of the Nigerian 1993 Presidential Election, several protests ensued in the south western Nigerian cities such as Lagos and Ibadan. During the protests, many people were killed by the police, and many government properties destroyed.


As Nigerian remain in chaos due to the annulment of the June 12 Election. The Nigerian Military President General Ibrahim Babangida faced heavy criticism both internally and externally. Due the criticism, General Babangida created Interim Management Government. Later, he step down as the president and handed over power to the newly appointed Interim Management President Chief Ernest Shonekan on 26 August 1993.

However, on 17 November 1993, the Military staged a military coup under General Sani Abacha. The coup led to the rise of General Sani Abacha as the Nigerian Military President.


Since the year 2000, June 12 became an annual tradition held more especially in the south western parts of Nigeria.

But, on 6 June 2018 the Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari declared the June 12 as the Nigerian new Democracy Day replacing the 29 May.

Ahmad Abdullahi, BA History

My name is Ahmad Abdullahi, I was born on 10th March, 1994 in Garun-Danga Town, Gabasawa L.G., Kano State. I attended FCE Demonstration Primary School from 2002 to 2007, FCE Staff Secondary School from 2007 to 2013, and Northwest University, Kano from 2013 to 2017, where I obtained bachelor degree in History.

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